Stock market what is the NASDAQ
The NASDAQ Exchange is a limited
liability company and a corporation that provides a means for
traders to execute stock orders for stock brokers,
institutional investors and on-line stock purchasers. The
NASDAQ Exchange was formed in 1971 by the National Association
of Securities Dealer to fill a need for reporting stocks that
were not a good fit in the regular stock exchange. The NASDAQ
reports on over the counter stocks for thousands of stocks not
listed on the other exchanges. By the 1990s NASDAQ
surpassed in terms of listings the AMEX Exchange.
In order to trade on the NASDAQ the trader and members must
be certified and agree to the by laws of NASDAQ Inc. In
1999 NASDAQ merged with AMEX to form the NASDAQ-Amex
Group. By 2000 the National Association of Securities
Dealers sold their interest in NASDAQ to private investors.
See: NASDAQ Corporate Filings.
NASDAQ operates similarly to all corporations, it has
Articles of Incorporation, Corporate Officers, By Laws and
holds meetings. The NASDAQ LLC. has a governing board and
in turn has rules and regulations it operates under.
Given the quasi-governmental status of NASDAQ the Securities
and Exchange Commission has a role in making sure NASDAQ
operates according to good practices and regulations. If
a company engages in inside trading, fraudulent reporting of
corporate earnings and assets or the many areas of bad
practices governed by the Securities Act of 1934, the
Commission can provide sanctions and remedies for these
acts. Likewise, state attorney generals and the U.S.
Attorney may bring actions in court to cease and desist these
bad acts and also provide for criminal sanctions.
What notable stocks are traded on NASDAQ?
As an investor you may invest in NASDAQ, it is listed under
the ticker QQQQ. The stock value goes up and down
depending on the overall health of the NASDAQ Top 100 Trust
Funds. Currently NASDAQ QQQ, traded under ticker QQQQ is
priced at around $48 a share. It has a market capitalization of
$19 billion dollars and over the past three years has a 11.56
percent return on investments. The top holdings in QQQQ are:
Apple, Cisco, Comcast, Gilead Sciences, Google, Intel,
Microsoft, Oracle, Qualcomm, and Research in Motion. A
impressive group to be associated with in one stock.
There are however, some stocks among the fund that are not as
illustrious in their performance. The fund is weighted
heavily in the hardware sector. The others sectors with a
significant impact are software, business services, customer
service and healthcare.
NASDAQ provides soup to nuts in investment
NASDAQ offers literally thousands of opportunities to invest
in individuals stocks, indexes, real estate investment trusts,
options and other means to make an investment. The investor has
an cornucopia of types of stocks choose among from
semiconductors, energy, finance, components, retail, in all
3113 components make up NASDAQ. Each company listed must
meet capitalization and reporting standards. The investor
has the opportunity to review each quarters reported earnings
and debts. A company is required to report any
significant issues that may effect the investor and the
company. There are news services and financial advisor
services who actively stay in top of company news. All in
all it is surprising why a company would even try to fool
investors or governmental watch dogs.
Apple Inc. is the darling of NASDAQ. It trades under
the stock ticker AAPL. If you have been living on a
remote island somewhere in a cave, Apple is the designer,
manufacturer and marketer of iMAC computers, software, iphones
and through its subsidiaries a range of products that support
Apple main line of products. In September, 2005 Apple
shares were in the vicinity of $48. As of the close of business
on August 31, Apple is worth in the range of $138 a
share. The unique aspect of Apple is just when you think
it has topped out and is dawdling it comes up with some
surprise and it is off and running again. It is a darling
because it has resilience and innovation.
Never to be forgotten is Miscrosoft. It trades under the
stock ticker MSFT. What can you say about a company that
brought information and technology to middle America, Africa,
South America and the world. It is a stock that sells currently
in the $28 range. It has controversy in all corners
particularly with law suits challenging this grand daddy of the
Internet, but it is a tried and true long performer. It
is the company that people love and hate. If there is
innovation out there, Microsoft will find it.
A personal favorite of mine is Intel. In part because it is
a work horse in the technology sector and in part because I
read and enjoyed Tom Wolfe's book on the company structure in
Hooking Up. It was not a biography, but it did parallel
the formation of this egalitarian work place. The stock
sells in the range of $25 and sells under the ticker
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